Surabaya - East Java at
Surabaya, provincial capital of East Java and Indonesia's
second largest city encompasses 290,44 sq km and is
inhabited by more than 3 million people. Served for
over half a millennium as trading port the inland empires
of Java. Surabaya known as the "city of Heroes"
because of its role in the nation’s independence struggle,
has grown into an elegant city of large, colonnaded
buildings bordering broad, tree shaded avenues. It serves
as the commercial center of a thriving industrial and
agricultural hinterland. Surabaya is also home to one
of south east Asia's oldest and largest zoos.
Today's reality is mundane by comparison. Surabaya
is a warm, sprawling city. Primarily a centre for trade,
finance and manufacturing. Over the past few years the
latest developments include the establishment of some
new residential suburbs and a large industrial estate
at Rungkut in the southeast of the city
For travelers in East Java, Surabaya serves as a convenient
base for exploring the regions many charms, good for
shopping, including the adventure trip to Mt. Bromo
located in the impressively beautiful Tengger highlands,
Mt. Bromo itself is an active volcano, which lies in
the middle of the huge Tengger Caldera or sea of sand.
It is a desolate volcanic massif offering the most spectacular
sunrise in south east Asia. The cool mountain retreats
of Tretes and Malang and the natural wonders of several
nature reserves, offering a cool and picturesque escape
from the lowland heat.
Further east is interesting object of Ijen Crater,
the world's largest highly acidic lake and is the site
of a labor-intensive sulfur mining operation in which
sulfur-laden baskets are hand-carried from the crater
floor. Coffee plantations cover much of the Ijen caldera
floor, and tourists are drawn to its waterfalls, hot
springs, and dramatic volcanic scenery.